Fiber Optic Cabling is typically used for backbone connections between local network equipment. It is the preferred choice for high quality and reliable communications. Fiber Optic Cabling offers increased bandwidth over other forms of cable transmission types. The cable itself is very lightweight and data can be transmitted with very low attenuation (signal loss) over many miles. Typically, it is the most economical solution when managing large amounts of data over long distances. Exposed non-metallic cables are not prone to lightning strikes. The cable does not carry an electrical current so there are is no risk of short circuits generating a spark which may ignite explosive gases. These intrinsically safe characteristics have led to the widespread use of fiber optic cabling in hazardous environments such as chemical companies, fuel refineries, and industrial settings.
The recent upward trend in copper prices has made fiber optics a cost effective solution for more and more applications.